Components in Prosody

Components are extra services on a server which are available to clients, usually on a subdomain of the main server (such as Example components might be chatroom servers, user directories, or gateways to other protocols.

Prosody supports internal components (implemented with Prosody-specific plugins) and external components (using XEP-0114, which most standalone components support).


If a component needs to be accessed from remote servers over s2s, you must have a record for it in DNS (either A or _xmpp-server._tcp SRV records), see DNS configuration in Jabber/XMPP.


You may also want to specify an SSL certificate for s2s connections with the component if the 'parent' domain's certificate does not cover it. This is simply achieved by adding an 'ssl' option under the Component entry in the config file. If a component is a direct sub-domain of a virtual host, the component will use that host's certificate by default.

Adding an internal component

To add a component, you simply add a line to the config file specifying the hostname, and the plugin you wish to use for the component.

An example of adding the Prosody MUC component would be:

Component "" "muc"

Adding additional modules to an internal component

Some modules such as mod_muc_mam enable additional functionality for a Component. These must not be enabled in the global modules_enabled, but rather in a modules_enabled under the Component, like so:

Component "" "muc"
modules_enabled = {

Adding an external component

Prosody supports all external components that use the XEP-0114 component protocol (practically all do).

Example external components include Spectrum, which we recommend if you wish to bridge your Prosody server to legacy IM networks such as MSN, Yahoo, AIM and ICQ. You can use the documentation on the Spectrum site to further assist you.

To add an external component, you need to tell Prosody the address and a password (or 'secret') which the component will use to log in. Be sure that the password and the port (Prosody defaults to 5347) that you tell Prosody match the same password and port in your component's configuration file(s).

Definition is the same as for internal components, except no internal plugin is specified:

Component ""
         component_secret = "mysecretcomponentpassword"

To configure the port(s) Prosody listens on for component connections, set the component_ports option in the global section of the config. The default port is 5347. Multiple components can all use the same port to connect.

Also by default for security Prosody will only listen for connections on the local interface ( or ‘localhost’). This can optionally be changed with the global component_interfaces option.

For example:

-- Global config section --
component_ports = { 8888 }
component_interfaces = { "" }

The above would configure Prosody to listen for component connections on port 8888, coming only to the IP address

XEP-0114 provides no standard for encryption of component connections, and so connections from external components are not affected by the "require_encryption" option.